Castles

秋霞电影高清无码-History of Castles

Fortresses have been built in Japan since early times. A particular need for castles arose in the 15th century after the central government's authority had weakened and Japan had fallen into the chaotic era of warring states (sengoku jidai). During that era, Japan consisted of dozens of small independent states which fought each other and built small castles on top of mountains for defense purposes.

When Oda Nobunaga reestablished a central authority over Japan in the second half of the 16th century, and his successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi completed the reunification of Japan, many larger castles were built across the country. Unlike the earlier castles, they were built in the plains or on small hills in the plains, where they served as a region's administrative and military headquarters and a symbol of authority. They became the centers of "castle towns".

After the end of the feudal age (1868), many castles were destroyed as unwelcome relics of the past or were lost in World War II. Only a dozen "original castles", i.e. castles with a main keep that dates from the feudal era (before 1868), survive today. Furthermore, several dozen castles were reconstructed over the past decades - mostly using concrete instead of traditional building materials.

ae86在线福利防和谐-Castle Structures and Castle Towns

The typical castle consisted of multiple rings of defense, with the so called honmaru ("main circle") in the center followed by the ninomaru ("second circle") and sannomaru ("third circle"). The castle tower stood in the honmaru, while the lords usually lived at a more comfortable residence in the ninomaru.

In the town around the castle, the samurai were residing. The higher their rank, the closer they lived to the castle. Merchants and artisans lived in specially designated areas, while temple and entertainment districts were usually located in the outskirts of the city or just outside of it. Tokyo and Kanazawa are two good examples among many Japanese cities which evolved as castle towns.

The main construction material for castle buildings used to be wood, as can be witnessed when visiting the interior of one of the surviving original castles. Most newer reconstructions, however, were made of concrete, and their interiors are modern. Many castles now house a museum.

The following are some typical castle structures:

秋霞电影高清无码-Castle Tower (Tenshukaku)

  • Example: castle tower of Kumamoto Castle
    Also known as donjon or castle keep, this is the innermost, best defended and most prominent structure of a castle. Most castle towers have between two to five stories, and there are often more floors inside than there are stories on the outside.

    秒拍福利100视频-Walls and Moats

    Example: Castle walls and moat of Osaka Castle
    Several rings of walls and moats serve as the main defense measure of castles. Osaka Castle and the former Edo Castle (now Tokyo's Imperial Palace) offer the most impressive examples.

    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Guard Towers (Yagura)

                    Example: a guard tower of Hiroshima Castle
                    Also known as turrets, these are watch towers and storage rooms along the castle walls, often placed at the corners. Castles usually have multiple guard towers. They are much smaller in size than the main castle tower and are usually made up of two floors.

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Gates

                    Example: Sakurada Gate of the former Edo Castle
                    Castles have a number of well defended entrance gates. The typical castle gate consists of two gates which are placed at a 90 degree angle to each other, creating a small inner yard which is heavily defended from all sides.

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Palace (Goten)

                    Example: partially reconstructed palace of Kumamoto Castle
                    The palace houses the lord's residence and offices. Most castles have lost their palace over time. A rare surviving example is the Ninomaru Palace of Nijo Castle. Among the few castles with reconstructed palaces are Kumamoto Castle, Hikone Castle and Nagoya Castle.

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Best Castles in Japan









                  • Sort:
                    Original Castles
                    1
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Himeji Castle•••


                    Japan's best preserved feudal castle.
                    4.5 / 5
                    2,381
                    2
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Matsumoto Castle••

                    Original and relatively complete castle.
                    4.3 / 5
                    952
                    3
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Matsuyama Castle

                    Japan's only original mountaintop castle.
                    4.4 / 5
                    68
                    4
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Matsue Castle

                    One of Japan's largest, original castle towers.
                    4.0 / 5
                    337
                    5
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Hikone Castle





                    A designated national treasure.
                    4.0 / 5
                    519
                    6
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Matsuyama Castle

                    Relatively complete, original castle.
                    3.9 / 5
                    439
                    7
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Hirosaki Castle

                    Most famous cherry blossom spot in Tohoku.
                    3.8 / 5
                    281
                    8
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Inuyama Castle

                    One of Japan's oldest surviving castles.
                    3.8 / 5
                    429
                    9
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Kochi Castle

                    One of Japan's few surviving original castles.
                    3.7 / 5
                    333
                    10
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Maruoka Castle

                    One of the twelve original castles.
                    3.6 / 5
                    35
                    11
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Uwajima Castle

                    Original hilltop castle with a small keep.
                    3.4 / 5
                    46
                    12
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Marugame Castle



                    Smallest keep among the original castles.
                    3.4 / 5
                    78
                    Reconstructions
                    1
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Shuri Castle

                    Reconstructed former Ryukyu royal palace.
                    4.1 / 5
                    822
                    2
                    3
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Osaka Castle

                    Reconstruction of the large castle.
                    3.8 / 5
                    3,690
                    4
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Tsuruga Castle

                  • Modern reconstruction of the original castle.
                    3.7 / 5
                    319
                    5
                    Castle

                    青鱼最新视频地址-Nagoya Castle

                    Reconstruction of the original castle.
                    3.6 / 5
                    1,651
                    6
                    7
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Ozu Castle

















                    Recently reconstructed, pretty hilltop castle.
                    3.7 / 5
                    33
                    8
                    9
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Odawara Castle

                    A reconstructed castle at the entrance to Hakone.
                    3.5 / 5
                    97
                    10
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Hiroshima Castle

                    Reconstruction of the former castle.
                    3.4 / 5
                    1,680
                    11
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Shimabara Castle

                  • Reconstructed castle with nearby samurai district.
                    3.4 / 5
                    63
                    12
                    13
                    Castle

                    青鱼最新视频地址-Okayama Castle

                    Reconstruction of the former castle.
                    3.2 / 5
                    668
                    14
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Hachiman Castle



                    Mountaintop castle overlooking the town.
                    3.2 / 5
                    92
                    15
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Kokura Castle

                  • Reconstructed castle not far from the station.
                    3.2 / 5
                    66
                    16
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Fukuyama Castle

                  • Postwar reconstruction right next to the station.
                    2.9 / 5
                    24
                    17
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Toyama Castle Park

                    Home to a reconstructed castle tower.
                    2.7 / 5
                    46
                    Palace Style Castles and Ruins
                    1
                    Castle

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Nijo Castle••





                    Former Kyoto residence of the shogun.
                    4.0 / 5
                    3,037
                    2

                    秒拍福利100视频-Takeda Castle Ruins

















                    Hilltop castle ruins sometimes floating on a sea of clouds.
                    4.2 / 5
                    23
                    3
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Nakagusuku Castle









                  • Beautiful ruins of a former Ryukyu castle.
                    3.8 / 5
                    222
                    4
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Imperial East Gardens

















                    Park on the former grounds of Edo Castle.
                    3.8 / 5
                    2,795
                    5
                    Castle

                    青鱼最新视频地址-Kanazawa Castle



                    Slowly being reconstructed.
                    3.4 / 5
                    927
                    6
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Nakijin Castle

                    Ruins of another former Ryukyu castle.
                    3.7 / 5
                    208
                    7
                    Castle

                    青鱼最新视频地址-Tsuwano Castle Ruins









                    Located two hundred meters above the town.
                    3.3 / 5
                    23
                    8
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Aoba Castle

                    Ruins of the former castle of the Date clan.
                    3.2 / 5
                    439
                    9
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Tottori Castle Ruins


                    Ruins of the former feudal castle.
                    3.2 / 5
                    53
                    10
                    Castle

                    青鱼视频自拍qyu6-Honmaru Goten

                  • Kawagoe Castle's only remaining building.
                    3.1 / 5
                    196
                    11
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Hagi Castle

                    Ruins of the former Hagi Castle.
                    3.1 / 5
                    160
                    12
                    Castle

                    秒拍福利100视频-Sumpu Castle


                    Ruins of Tokugawa Ieyasu's former castle.
                    3.0 / 5
                    81
                    13
                    Castle

                    ae86在线福利防和谐-Fukuoka Castle Ruins

                    Ruins of the city's former castle.
                    3.0 / 5
                    613
                    14
                    Castle

                    青鱼最新视频地址-Takamatsu Castle

                    Ruins of one of Japan's few seaside castles.
                    2.7 / 5
                    237
                    15

                    秒拍福利100视频-Bookyour trip

                    • Hotels
                    • Flights
                    • Car
                    • Buses
                    • Tours

                    秋霞电影高清无码-Bookyour trip









                    • Hotels
                    • Flights
                    • Car
                    • Buses
                    • Tours

                    秋霞电影高清无码_秒拍福利100视频_ae86在线福利防和谐_青鱼视频自拍qyu6_青鱼最新视频地址Copyright @ 2003 - 2019.Company name All rights reserved.